Kidney Disease – Stages 2 and 3
If you are at stage 2 of kidney disease, you may still have some good options. Lifestyle approaches, such as eating healthy, can help prevent the disease or delay its progression. Other risk factors, such as heart disease, inflammation, or blood disorders, can make the disease progress faster. Stage 3-kidney disease is usually more advanced and is usually distinguishable by a blood test measuring waste products in the body. By this stage, your symptoms may be more advanced and include back pain, swelling of the hands and feet, and changes in your urination.
Stages of kidney disease
The stages of kidney disease are based on the severity and progression of the disease. Monitoring these stages is crucial for adjusting medication and health behaviors. Below is an overview of the stages of kidney disease. Stage 1 involves only mild damage to the kidneys, such as protein in the urine. The progression of the disease is monitored with continuous monitoring of the eGFR (estimated glomerular filtration rate).
Renal dysfunction can progress in several different ways, and most people only have a slight impairment in their kidney function. Most people with CKD will be diagnosed in stage three or four. The first two stages may not show any noticeable symptoms, but blood tests will detect high levels of certain proteins in urine and a slight decrease in GFR (glycemic index). People in this age group have a GFR of approximately 90 mL/min.
Dialysis removes waste and excess fluid from your body through a filter. A trained health care provider will administer the procedure and monitor your vital signs. Your health care provider will wash and numb the area where you will be inserted with the needles. Then, a special filter will remove harmful substances from your blood. After each dialysis session, you will return to the dialysis unit with clean blood. The process generally lasts three to four hours.
When your kidneys stop working properly, your blood becomes filled with waste products and excess fluid. These waste products can accumulate in your body to toxic levels, causing unpleasant symptoms. Dialysis is often a temporary solution until your kidneys can be replaced. However, if you do not have a donor kidney, dialysis may be the only option left. Thousands of people worldwide rely on dialysis on a regular basis to help manage their conditions.
Your doctor will develop a customized treatment plan based on your specific health and CKD stage. Your care team will also suggest ways to maintain good health and manage your condition, such as following a healthy diet and avoiding smoking. You will need to report any changes in your symptoms and keep track of lab tests. It is important to be honest with your doctor about your current medications, diet, and other factors, so he or she can make a plan for your care.
Diagnosis is based on urine and blood tests to determine the extent of kidney damage. Blood tests and urine tests are also used to evaluate kidney transplants and kidney damage. Kidney imaging tests are also used to look for abnormalities. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to treat kidney disease. Patients should see a nephrologist regularly for ongoing monitoring. Early diagnosis is key to slowing down the progression of the condition.
Kidney failure is an underlying condition that can lead to other complications, including high blood pressure, protein in the urine, and anemia. Kidney disease may also impair bone growth, causing children to grow slower than their peers and develop slowly. Children with kidney disease usually reach puberty two years later than their peers. Treatment for this condition usually includes dialysis or lifestyle modifications. However, if these complications are not immediately apparent, it may be important to seek immediate medical treatment.
Although kidney disease may cause various complications, it is still possible to live a full, productive life with a dialysis or transplantation. Early diagnosis and treatment are vital to stalling the disease process and delaying the need for dialysis or kidney transplantation. To stay healthy and prevent kidney failure, patients should attend regular appointments with their healthcare providers and take their medications. They should also maintain a healthy diet and monitor blood pressure and glucose levels.